Mobile World in 2013

A few months ago I through that Android and iOS would drive the mobile world in the next years. However 2013 is bringing fresh air in the field. New alternatives, specially those based on Linux are trying to find their place in this, still, emerging market. First of all, let’s see the status of the mobile world. According to a recent study from Ericsson, (PDF) the global mobile penetration reached 89% in Q4 2012 and mobile subscriptions now total around 6.3 billion. However, the actual number of subscribers is around 4.4 billion, since many people have several subscriptions.

Mobile penetration percentage Q4 2012

The Africa mobile penetration rate (# of subscriptions divided by population size) stands at 67%, which is still the lowest of all global regions (as defined in the report). Ericsson does note the differences between subscription and subscriber, since subscriptions are often shared in developing regions.

Some remarkable facts:

– China alone accounted for ~22 percent of net additions, adding around 30 million subscriptions.
– India (+11 million), Bangladesh (+9 million), Indonesia (+8 million), and Nigeria (+5 million) follow in terms of net additions.
– Mobile subscriptions have grown around nine percent year-on-year and two percent quarter-on-quarter.
– In Q4, mobile broadband subscriptions1 grew ~125 million to 1.5 billion, reflecting a 50 percent year-on-year increase.
– There is continued strong momentum for smartphone uptake in all regions. Approximately 40 percent of all mobile phones sold during
2012 were smartphones, compared to around 30 percent for the full year 2011. Only around 15-20 percent of the worldwide installed base of
mobile phone subscriptions uses smartphones, which means that there is considerable room for further uptake.
– GSM/GPRS/EDGE subscriptions grew ~44 million and WCDMA/HSPA grew ~70 million. Together these technologies represent ~80 percent of total
net additions. LTE subscriptions grew from 14 million to 57 million.

Ericsson (PDF)

Mobile subscriptions by technology and region 2012

Source: Mobile subscriptions by technology and region 2012 Graph from the Ericsson Mobility Report November 2012

If we talk about smartphones, according to IDC, a research firm, more than 90% of the 228m smartphones shipped in the last quarter of 2012 belonged to both Android or Apple. Android is the bigger beast. Its share has grown as the smartphone market has boomed, to about 70%. The new candidates threaten the status-quo are: firstly the Linux-based OS, Samsung with Tizen, Mozilla Foundation with Firefox OS and Canonical with Ubuntu and on the other hand we have Windows Phone 8 and Blackberry.


Apple and iPhone. Created under the Keep things simple style of Apple. The iPhone was the first actual smartphone. Furthermore, Apple created the first successful marketplace for apps which was the real revolution in the mobile world. It’s a closed ecosystem: robust technology based on a centralized release of hardware and software. Most of the apps available in the market are asked to accomplish a good quality standard. Apple presents an integrated view of iOS 6, iCould, and MacOS working together to create value for users.

Apple tries to deliver exhaustive tested hardware and software and there are only a few examples of big failures, the iPhone 4 problems with the antenna and the recent more serious strategic error with the new maps.

Android. Apparently it follows the opposite approach of iOS releasing the OS as open source software. Nevertheless, Google has a huge control over the ecosystem. It sets up the development schedule and the OS releases. It owns the Android trademarks and logo. Likely this is one of the main reasons that is pushing other stakeholders to work in new alternatives. Also, there are pararel projects based on the Android code, the most well-known is CyanogenMod. CyanogenMod is an open source replacement firmware for smart phones and tablet computers based on the Android mobile operating system. It offers features and options not found in the official firmware distributed by vendors of these devices.

Anyway, Android is doing a great job. The last version of Android, the Ice Cream Sandwich version, offers a great user experience and the Google Play has reached the 700,000 apps recently.

Nevertheless, Android is still facing two major issues. The first one is that Google does not present the user with a unified view of the value offered by its mobile devices and cloud services (the “Android ecosystem”). Each product seems to be fighting its own war. The other one is the fragmentation both in terms of devices and in the current versions supported.

Windows Phone 8. In October Microsoft, which has never had more than a minuscule share of the phone business, brought forth Windows Phone 8. Most Windows smartphones are made by Finland’s Nokia, which dropped its own plans for a new system when it threw in its lot with the American software giant. Bill Gates stated last week that “There’s a lot of things like cell phones where we didn’t get out in the lead very early,” he said. “We didn’t miss cell phones, but the way that we went about it didn’t allow us to get the leadership. So it’s clearly a mistake.”

From my point of view. Windows Phone 8 is good product with the advantage of familiarity. Microsoft hopes that Windows’ dominance of personal computers can be transferred to mobiles. With that in mind, all new Windows devices, on desks, on laps or in hands, have the same look, with “tiles” for touching, not clicking.

Blackberry. They are losing the battle of the general public but it is still very appreciated within the companies’ information-technology departments. Blackberry is trusted specially because of the security issues. 80m people use BlackBerrys.

Tizen. Tizen is an open source effort led by Samsung and Intel, hosted by the Linux Foundation, that will support multiple device categories: smartphones, tablets, smart TVs, netbooks, and in-vehicle infotainment devices. It will be based on HTML5 and other upcoming web standards, which is one of the main reasons why MeeGo had to be replaced. Apparently they are targeting cheaper smartphones for Tizen in order to deal with this emerging market.

Ubuntu. Canonical announced some days ago the new Ubuntu mobile. The most interesting features of Ubuntu is the seamless integration of the different environments: desktop, tablet and mobile.

Firefox OS . Firefox OS is a new mobile operating system developed by Mozilla’s Boot to Gecko (B2G) project. It uses a Linux kernel and boots into a Gecko-based runtime engine, which lets users run applications developed entirely using HTML, JavaScript, and other open web application APIs. It is backed by some of the biggest names in the industry: Telefonica, Mozilla Foundation, SingTel, DT…

About the app ecosystem. Firefox will run apps built in HTML5 and use JavaScript to communicate with the hardware; Ubuntu will have its native applications built in Qt, but HTML5 apps will also have the ability to access the system’s features and be treated as a first-class application; and Tizen is also targeting developers that are familiar with a HTML5 toolkit. This technique of targeting web developers is currently being tested in the field with BlackBerry 10, and in the next few months, we will be able to see if targeting a large developer base works and if web developers can make the change in domain to mobile a successful one.

Still a lot to do
One reason for the challengers’ optimism is that a lot of ground is unoccupied. Mary Meeker of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, a venture-capital firm in Silicon Valley, estimates that late last year smartphones accounted for only 17% of the world’s mobile subscriptions. In big emerging economies such as India, Indonesia and Russia the share is less than 10%. Even rich countries are not saturated (see chart). Brazil, Mexico, Poland and Spain are among the early targets for Mozilla and its partners. There’s a huge market in developing countries for cheaper smart phones. And also a huge market in the developed countries for new smartphones.

Smartphone subscriptions 2012
Source: The Economist

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Chris Anderson of WIRED on tech’s Long Tail (TED)

El CDN de Telefónica NO rompe la neutralidad de la red via @rgallir

RT@m_angelmendez Ayer publiqué esto a las tantas. Ahí va de nuevo: “Telefónica: una decisión valiente y 3 incógnitas”

RT@m_angelmendez Intel pacta con Google para entrar en los ‘smartphones’ via @el_pais

Estos tíos son muy astutos … RT @TheIndyNews How Google Translate works – The Independent

The world’s biggest employers: Employment: Defending jobs | The Economist Daily Chart via @theeconomist

Global economic dominance: Spheres of influence | The Economist Daily Chart via @theeconomist

Patrón de twitter en España. (Revisado) No por mucho tuitear amanece más temprano @Barriblog

De manos del siempre polémico @perecillo me llega esto: Modelo Parasitario Chino de Expansión

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Vivo & Tuenti

En julio se confirmaba finalmente la noticia de que Telefónica adquiría el 60% de Vivo a través de la empresa Brasicel que controlaba junto con Portugal Telecom.

Telefónica alcanzó ayer un acuerdo para comprar a Portugal Telecom el 30% de Vivo que controla a través de la sociedad Brasilcel por 7.500 millones de euros en efectivo. Una cifra que supone 350 millones más respecto a la última oferta de la operadora española y un 31,5% superior a la oferta inicial de 5.700 millones de euros.

La teleco española también advirtió de sus planes de lanzar una opa sobre las acciones ordinarias de Vivo que no son titularidad de Brasilcel (sociedad que controla el 60% de la operadora móvil) y que representan alrededor del 3,8% del capital social de Vivo.

Esta alianza había surgido en 2001 como para crear un grupo lo suficientemente grande que le permita competir con los otros dominadores del mercado: el grupo brasileño, Oi, y América Móvil, parte del imperio del mexicano Carlos Slim.

Desde entonces al interés de Telefónica por el mercado brasileño no ha dejado de crecer pero la alta competencia entre estos tres grupos y con este nuevo movimiento Telefónica tratará de convertirse en un grupo más competitivo integrando los servicios del Vivo con los de Telesp su operador de telefonía fija (The economist).

Success will probably depend on consolidation and better integration of mobile and fixed-line units. Oi and América Móvil have already tried, but now Telefónica would like to merge Vivo with Telesp, its fixed-line operator.

Además de participar en Vivo y Telesp, Telefónica también participa en TIM Brasil a través de su participación en Italia Telecom. A principios de este año también se barajó la posibilidad de que Telefónica podría aumentar su participación en este grupo como plan alternativo si no conseguía el control de Vivo.

The most obvious exit, reckon some of the firm’s Italian shareholders, is for Telefónica to buy Telecom Italia, deepening an industrial partnership which has already yielded some €1.3 billion of synergies since 2008. Apart from its debt and some operational problems at its Italian mobile business that should not be too hard to iron out, Telecom Italia is in reasonable shape. It faces comparatively little competition at home, has healthy margins and cashflow, and owns a Brazilian business that would complement Telefónica’s. In fact, the Spanish firm’s chief aim when it invested in Telecom Italia in 2007 was to prevent América Móvil from winning a dominant position in Brazil.

Finalmente este verano Telefónica adquiere también la red social Tuenti que podría jugar un papel muy destacado junto a la nueva unión de Vivo y Telesp en Brasil. Carlos Blanco es su blog apunta alguno de los posibles papeles que podría desenvolver Tuenti en este nuevo escenario:

1. Una de las principales motivaciones para comparar Tuenti es para conquistar el mercado brasileño de jovenes, el objetivo es tratar de competir con Orkut en el mercado brasileño lanzando ofertas conjuntas con Vivo.
2. El rotundo fracaso de Keteke ha acelerado la compra de Tuenti, ya que llevaban invertidos varias decenas de millones de euros sin acierto ni rumbo

El verdadero problema de esta adquisición viene ahora, ya que claramente la forma de dirección y el formato de empresa de Tuenti y Telefónica no tiene nada que ver, si Telefónica se ve tentado de intentar Tuenti a su estilo puede que no siente del todo bien a sus usuarios, acostumbrados a una forma de hacer las cosas con la que se sienten totalmente a gusto.

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